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Massive Surge in Number of New Satellites in Earth Orbit

Massive Surge in Number of New Satellites in Earth Orbit

Published on January 10, 2022Written by Arthur Firstenberg

While the attention of a terrified world has been rivetedon a virus, and while concern about radiation has been focused on 5G on the ground, the assault on the heavens has reached astronomical proportions.

During the past two years, the number of satellites circling the earth has increased from 2,000 to 4,800, and a flood of new projects has brought the number of operating, approved, and proposed satellites to at least 441,449. And that number only includes low-earth-orbit (LEO) satellites that will reside in the ionosphere.
The satellite projects include the ones listed below. The companies are based in the United States unless otherwise indicated.

17,270 satellites already approved by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission:

Amazon (Kuiper) – 3,236 satellites

Astro Digital – 30 satellites

Black Sky Global – 36 satellites

Boeing – 147 satellites

Capella Space Corp. – 7 satellites

Globalstar (operating since 2000) – 48 satellites

Hawkeye 360 – 80 satellites

ICEYE – 6 satellites (FINLAND)

Iridium (operating since 1998) – 66 satellites

Kepler Communications – 140 satellites (CANADA)

Loft Orbital – 11 satellites

OneWeb – 720 satellites (UNITED KINGDOM)

Planet Labs (operating) – 200 satellites

R2 Space, LLC – 8 satellites

Spire Global – 175 satellites

SpaceX – 11,943 satellites

Swarm – 150 satellites

Telesat – 117 satellites (CANADA)

Theia Holdings – 120 satellites

Umbra Lab – 6 satellites

Viasat – 24 satellites

Applications for 65,912 satellites pending before the FCC:

Amazon (Kuiper) – 4,538 additional satellites

AST & Science – 243 satellites

Astra Space – 13,620 satellites

Boeing – 5,789 additional satellites

Black Sky Global – 14 additional satellites

Fleet Space Technologies – 40 satellites (AUSTRALIA)

Hughes Network Systems – 1,440 satellites

Inmarsat – 198 satellites (UNITED KINGDOM)

Kepler Communications – two additional constellations of 360 satellites and 212 satellites (CANADA)

Lynk Global – 10 satellites (HONG KONG)

Maxar Technologies – 12 satellites

New Spectrum – 30 satellites (CANADA)

OneWeb – 6,368 additional satellites (UNITED KINGDOM)

Orbital Sidekick – 6 satellites

SN Space Systems – 1,190 satellites (UNITED KINGDOM)

SpaceX – 30,000 additional satellites

Telesat – 1,554 additional satellites (CANADA)

Terra Bella – 24 satellites (15 already operating)

Viasat – 264 additional satellites

Constellations totaling 14,872 satellites announced by governments:

Guowang – 12,992 satellites (CHINA)

Roscosmos – 264 satellites named Marathon (RUSSIA)

Roscosmos – 640 satellites named Sfera (RUSSIA)

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency – 20 satellites (U.S. MILITARY)

Space Development Agency – 500 satellites (U.S. MILITARY)

UN:IO – 400 satellites (EUROPEAN COMMISSION)

Yaogan – 76 satellites (already operating) (CHINESE MILITARY)

Other LEO constellations planned by U.S. and foreign companies, totaling more than 16,055 satellites:

4pi Lab – 16 satellites (CANADA)

ADA Space – 192 satellites (CHINA)

Aerospacelab – two constellations (unknown number of satellites) (BELGIUM)

Aistech – 20 satellites (SPAIN)

Albedo Space – 24 satellites

Alpha Insights – unknown number (CANADA)

Analytical Space – 36 satellites (under contract with U.S. SPACE FORCE)

Apogee Networks – 18 satellites (NEW ZEALAND)

Astrocast – 100 satellites (SWITZERLAND)

Astrome – 198 satellites (INDIA)

Aurora Insight – 12 satellites

Avant Space – 30 satellites (RUSSIA) equipped with lasers to serve as a billboard in space to display advertisements

Axelspace – 50 satellites (JAPAN)

BeetleSat – 80 satellites (ISRAEL)

Canon – 100 satellites (JAPAN)

Capella Space Corp. – 29 additional satellites

Carbon Mapper – 20 satellites

Care Weather – 50 satellites

Chang Guang – 138 satellites (CHINA)

China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation – 80 satellites (CHINA)

Climavision – 50 satellites

Commsat – 72 satellites (8 already operating) (CHINA)

ConstellR – 30 satellites (GERMANY)

Curvalux – 240 satellites (UNITED KINGDOM)

Earth Observant – 30 satellites

EarthDaily Analytics – 6 satellites (CANADA)

Earth-i – 15 satellites (UNITED KINGDOM)

EchoStar – 30 satellites (CANADA)

Elecnor Deimos – unknown number (SPAIN)

EOSAgriSat – 12 satellites

Eutelsat – 25 satellites (FRANCE)

ExactEarth (operating) – 68 satellites (CANADA)

Fleet Space – 60 additional satellites (AUSTRALIA)

Future Navigation – 120 satellites (CHINA)

GalaxEye – 15 satellites (INDIA)

Galaxy Space – 1,000 satellites (CHINA)

Geely – unknown number (CHINA)

GeoOptics – 50 satellites

GHG Sat – 10 satellites (CANADA)

GP Advanced Projects – 9 satellites (ITALY)

Guodian Gauke – 38 satellites (CHINA)

Hanwha Systems – 2,000 satellites (SOUTH KOREA)

HEAD Aerospace – 48 satellites (CHINA)

Hera Systems – 50 satellites

Horizon Technologies – 13 satellites (UNITED KINGDOM)

Hydrosat – 16 satellites

Hypersat – 6 satellites

ICEYE – has already launched 14 satellites and plans 18, for 12 more satellites than have been approved by the FCC (FINLAND)

Innova Space – 100 satellites (ARGENTINA)

iQPS – 36 satellites (JAPAN)

Kinéis – 25 satellites (FRANCE)

KLEO – 300 satellites – (GERMANY)

Kleos Space – 80 satellites (LUXEMBOURG)

Lacuna Space – 240 satellites (UNITED KINGDOM)

Launchspace – 124 satellites

LunaSonde – unknown number (UNITED KINGDOM)

Lynk Global – 4,990 additional satellites (HONG KONG)

LyteLoop – 6 satellites

MDA – unknown number

Mission Space – unknown number (LATVIA)

Modularity Space – 150 satellites

Muon Space – unknown number

Myriota – 50 satellites (AUSTRALIA)

NanoAvionics – 72 satellites (LITHUANIA)

Ningxia – 10 satellites (CHINA)

NorthStar – 52 satellites (CANADA)

OHB Italia – 20 satellites (ITALY)

Omnispace – 200 satellites

OQ Technology – 60 satellites (LUXEMBOURG)

Orbital Micro Systems – 40 satellites

OroraTech – 100 satellites (GERMANY)

PION Labs – unknown number (BRAZIL)

PIXXEL – 36 satellites (INDIA)

PlanetIQ – 20 satellites

PredaSAR – 48 satellites

Prométhée – unknown number (FRANCE)

QEYNet – unknown number (CANADA)

QianSheng – 20 satellites (CHINA)

Reaktor Space Lab – 36 satellites (FINLAND)

Rocket Lab – “Mega-constellation” of unknown number (NEW ZEALAND)

Rogue Space Systems – 40 satellites

Rovial – unknown number (FRANCE)

Saab – 100 satellites (SWEDEN)

SaraniaSat – unknown number

Sateliot – 100 satellites (SPAIN)

Satellogic – 90 satellites (ARGENTINA)

SatRevolution – 1500 satellites (POLAND)

Scanworld – 10 satellites (BELGIUM)

Scepter and ExxonMobil – 24 satellites

SCOUT – unknown number

Shanghai Lizheng – 90 satellites (CHINA)

Skykraft – 210 satellites (AUSTRALIA)

Space JLTZ – 200 satellites (MEXICO)

Space Union – 32 satellites (LITHUANIA)

SpaceBelt – 12 satellites

SpaceFab – unknown number

Spacety – 56 satellites (CHINA)

Stara Space – 120 satellites

Startical – 200 satellites (SPAIN)

Sternula – 50 satellites (DENMARK)

Synspective – 30 satellites (JAPAN)

Telnet – 30 satellites (TUNISIA)

Tomorrow.io – 36 satellites

Totum Labs – 24 satellites

Trion Space – 288 satellites (LIECHTENSTEIN)

Trustpoint – unknown number

Umbra Lab – 18 additional satellites

UnseenLabs – 50 satelites (FRANCE)

Vyoma Space – unknown number (GERMANY)

WiseSat Space – unknown number (SWITZERLAND)

Xona – 300 satellites

ZeroG Lab – 378 satellites (CHINA)

Zhuhai Orbita – 34 satellites (CHINA)

Rwanda, which wants to catapult Africa into world leadership in space, filed an application with the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) on September 21, 2021 for 327,320 satellites. Its proposal includes 937 orbital planes, distributed in 27 orbital shells (layers of satellites at different altitudes), with 360 satellites in each plane.

TOTAL: 441,449 SATELLITES OPERATING, APPROVED AND PROPOSED (+18 constellations whose numbers are not yet known)

Most of the above list of satellites would orbit at altitudes between about 325 km (200 miles) and 1,100 km (680 miles), except that some of Rwanda’s proposed orbits go as low as 280 km (174 miles). The above list does not include applications for satellites in geostationary orbit (GEO), or for LEO constellations of fewer than 5 satellites, or constellations in medium earth orbit (MEO) such as:

Intelsat (at 8600 km) – 216 satellites (LUXEMBOURG)

Mangata Networks (at 6,400 km and 12,000 km) – 791 satellites

O3b (at 8,062 km) – 112 satellites (LUXEMBOURG)

BRIGHTENING THE NIGHT SKY
Scientists have already begun to publish papers analyzing the effect all these satellites will have, not only on astronomy, but on the appearance of the night sky and the visibility of the stars to everyone on earth. An article published online on March 29, 2021 in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society by scientists in Slovakia, Spain and the United States is titled “The proliferation of space objects is a rapidly increasing source of artificial night sky brightness.”
The scattering of sunlight from all of the objects in space, wrote the authors, is causing a “new skyglow” during the beginning and end of each night that has already brightened the natural night sky by about 10 percent. The authors are concerned that “the additional contribution of the new satellite mega-constellations” would ruin the night sky to a much greater extent.

A group of Canadian astronomers have an article in the January 2022 issue of The Astronomical Journal. “Megaconstellations of thousands to tens of thousands of artificial satellites (satcons) are rapidly being developed and launched,” they write. “These satcons will have negative consequences for observational astronomy research, and are poised to drastically interfere with naked-eye stargazing worldwide.”
They analyzed what the effect on astronomy will be if 65,000 new low-orbit satellites are launched. At 40 degrees latitude (mid-United States; Mediterranean; mid-China; Japan; Buenos Aires; New Zealand), say these authors, more than 1,000 of these satellites will be sunlit and visible in the sky in the summer even at midnight. At higher latitudes (northern U.S.; Canada; most of Europe; Russia), thousands of these satellites will be visible all night long.
Another paper, titled Report on Mega-Constellations to the Government of Canada and the Canadian Space Agency, was commissioned by the Canadian Astronomical Society and submitted to the Canadian government on March 31, 2021. It is a moving document. These astronomers write:“In ancient times, humans everywhere in the world had access to completely dark skies. In stark contrast, today 80 percent of North Americans cannot see the Milky Way from where they live because of light pollution. The lack of darkness that many people now experience due to urban light pollution has been linked to many physical and mental health issues, both in humans and wildlife.
But there are still pockets of darkness where urban-dwellers can escape the light pollution and experience skies nearly as dark as those seen by our ancestors. Unfortunately, light pollution from satellites will be a global phenomenon — there will be nowhere left on Earth to experience skies free from bright satellites in orbit.

“Anyone who has ever spent time in a truly dark place staring up at the stars understands the powerful feeling of connection and insignificance this act inspires. Our lives, our worries, even our entire planet seem so inconsequential on these scales — a feeling that has shaped literature, art, and culture around the globe. Seeing the night sky makes it immediately obvious that we are part of a vast and wondrous universe full of countless stars… Connecting to the sky is part of our humanity, and everyone in the world is in very real danger of losing that…
“With the naked eye, stargazing from a dark-sky location allows you to see about 4,500 stars… Once Starlink approaches 12,000 satellites in orbit, most people in Canada will see more satellites than stars in the sky.”

THE WORLD’S LARGEST GARBAGE PIT
And not only do thousands of whole satellites threaten the heavens, but a phenomenal amount of debris orbits the earth as a result of satellites colliding, or exploding, or otherwise being destroyed while in space. During the 64 years that humans have been launching rockets, the protective blankets of the ionosphere and magnetosphere have become the Earth’s largest garbage pit.

According to the European Space Agency there are, in orbit around the Earth today, 7,790 intact satellites, of which 4,800 are functioning. Since 1957, there have been more than 630 breakups, explosions, collisions, and other satellite-destroying events. This has resulted in the creation of more than 9,700 tons of space debris. There are, in orbit today:

36,500 objects larger than 10 cm in size

1,000,000 objects from 1 cm to 10 cm in size

330,000,000 objects from 1 mm to 1 cm in size

EFFECTS ON OZONE, EARTHQUAKES, AND THUNDERSTORMS

Ozone

In a 2020 paper titled “The environmental impact of emissions from space launches: A comprehensive review,” Jessica Dallas and her colleagues at the University of New South Wales wrote that “ozone depletion is one of the largest environmental concerns surrounding rocket launches from Earth.”
In 2021, there were 146 orbital rocket launches to put 1,800 satellites into space. At that rate, to maintain and continually replace 100,000 low-earth-orbit satellites, which have an average lifespan of five years, would require more than 1,600 rocket launches per year, or more than four every day, forever into the future.

2020 and 2021 witnessed two of the largest Antarctic ozone ‘holes’ since measurements began in 1979. The 2020 ‘hole’ was also the longest-lasting on record, and the 2021 ‘hole’ was only a few days shorter; larger than the continent of Antarctica, it began in late July 2021 and ended on December 28, 2021. Everyone is still blaming chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which were banned by the Montreal Protocol in 1978.
Nobody is looking at rocket launches, of which there were more in 2020 and 2021 than in any previous year. In addition to the 146 orbital launches in 2021, there were 143 sub-orbital launches of rockets to over 80 kilometers in altitude, for a total of 289 high-altitude launches for the year, or almost one every day.

Earthquakes and Thunderstorms
In 2012, Anatoly Guglielmi and Oleg Zotov reviewed evidence that the global use of electricity has an effect on both seismic activity and thunderstorms. In particular, global electric power consumption spikes every hour on the hour, and so does the average number of earthquakes in the world. In 2020, a group of Italian scientists supplied additional information: solar activity also correlates with earthquakes, and it appears to do so by raising the voltage of the ionosphere.
Since this must increase the current flow in the global electric circuit (see chapter 9 of my book, The Invisible Rainbow), it would increase the electric currents that flow through the earth’s crust at all times, which would increase the stress on earthquake faults and increase the frequency of earthquakes. The Italian paper’s title is “On the correlation between solar activity and large earthquakes worldwide.”

Whether 100,000 satellites, although emitting powerful radio waves, would raise the ionospheric voltage, is doubtful. However, the rocket exhaust from every launch emits tons of water vapor, which is more conductive than dry air. The stratosphere is dry and contains very little water, and any water humans put there remains there for years and accumulates.

Multiple daily rocket launches, in perpetuity, will fill the stratosphere with water vapor, increase its conductivity, and increase the current flowing in the global electric circuit. The current flowing through the earth’s crust will increase, possibly increasing the frequency of earthquakes.
I also speculate that this would increase the frequency and power of thunderstorms worldwide. Were it not for thunderstorms, the ionospheric voltage, which averages 300,000 volts, would discharge in about 15 minutes. About 100 lightning strokes per second, somewhere on Earth, continuously recharge it. Increasing the current flow in the global electric circuit would discharge the ionosphere more quickly, and since it is thunderstorms that recharge the Earth’s battery, the frequency and violence of thunderstorms would have to increase.

ALTERATION OF THE EARTH’S ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONMENT

What everyone is completely blind to is the effect of all the radiation from satellites on the ionosphere, and consequently on the life force of every living thing. The relationship of electricity to qi and prana has escaped the notice of modern humans. Atmospheric physicists and Chinese physicians have yet to share their knowledge with one another. And at this time, such a sharing is crucial to the survival of life on Earth.
“The pure Yang forms the heaven, and the turbid Yin forms the earth. The Qi of the earth ascends and turns into clouds, while the Qi of the heaven descends and turns into rain.” So the Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine described the global electric circuit 2,400 years ago — the circuit that is generated by the ionosphere and that flows perpetually between the Yang (positive) heaven and the Yin (negative) earth.
The circuit that connects us to earth and sky and that flows through our meridians giving us life and health. A circuit that must not be polluted with frequencies emitted by a hundred thousand satellites, some of whose beams will have an effective power of up to ten million watts. That is sheer insanity, and so far no one is paying attention.
No one is even asking whether the satellites have anything to do with the profound and simultaneous decline, planetwide, in the number of insects and birds, and with the pandemic of sleep disorders and fatigue that so many are experiencing. Everyone is so focused on a virus, and on antennas on the ground, that no one is paying attention to the holocaust descending from space.

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206 US Marines Kicked Out for Refusing COVID-19 Vaccines

Published on January 5, 2022Written by theepochtimes.com

The Marine Corps has separated 206 Marines for not getting the COVID-19 vaccine, the military branch announced last Thursday.

Active-duty Marines had a deadline to get fully vaccinated by Nov. 28, while for reservists, the deadline was Dec. 28.
By the deadline, 95 percent of all active-duty Marines had received at least one dose of the vaccine, while 86 percent of the Reserve force had received the first shot.
That means around 8,000 active-duty Marines and 5,000 Marine reserve personnel may face separation for refusing to receive a COVID-19 vaccine.
“The Marine Corps is still tracking 1,007 approved administrative or medical exemptions,” Capt. Andrew Wood, a Marine Corps spokesman, said in a statement to news outlets.
The Marine Corps has denied 3,115 of 3,247 religious exemption applications received. The rest are still being processed, according to the statement.
Some unvaccinated Marines call the discharge a “political purge.”
“There’s something fundamentally wrong at this point with our nation’s leadership,” a major with more than 17 years of active service told Fox News on the condition of anonymity. “We are facing an unconstitutional edict that I think is very targeted as a political purge, taking out some of the best and brightest soldiers, sailors, airmen, Marines, and guardians from the Space Force.”
These Marines claimed they received “blanket denials” for their religious exemption applications, which cited “military readiness” as the primary reason for rejection.
The Marine Corps hasn’t responded to a request from The Epoch Times for comment.
According to the 2022 National Defense Authorization Act recently signed into law by President Biden, those discharges must be either honorable or general under honorable conditions.
So far, the military hasn’t granted any religious exemptions yet.
For example, the Air Force, which had the earliest deadline among all branches, has received over 10,700 religious exemption applications. As of last week, 2,130 have already been denied. The remaining 8,636 are still being reviewed. None have been approved.
A group of 47 Republican lawmakers led by Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) and Rep. Mike Johnson (R-La.) supports a lawsuit by a group of Navy SEALs and Navy service members seeking religious exemptions in a federal court.
“Defendants’ position that a vaccine exemption combined with non-invasive precautions are sufficient for secularly exempt individuals, but insufficient for servicemen and women who simply seek to adhere to their sincerely held religious beliefs, is discriminatory and a straight-forward violation of the First Amendment,” the lawmakers wrote in the amicus brief (pdf) filed to the court.
See more here: theepochtimes.com
Bold emphasis added
Header image: Marine Corps Association
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